sherman's march to the sea outcome

Engraving depicting brutality of Union troops along the path to Savannah. Grant ordered him to “clear the country” ahead of him and to form black regiments when he had encountered enough former slaves (he didn’t do this). The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). Despite this important Union victory, the Confederate government and many of its citizens remained committed to the war effort. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, , The New Press, 2012. While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). 3 Answers. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. Learning Outcome: Students will be able to use sourcing, contextualization, and corroboration to present conflicting perspectives about Sherman’s use of total war. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? , The New Press, 2012. The Army destroyed railroads, farms, and houses- gobbling up  food and confiscating jewelry looted from civilians. Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. All Rights Reserved. , along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Other articles where March to the Sea is discussed: American Civil War: Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war: …15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. While cutting supply lines during a war is a common tactic and is devastating to the invaded citizens, living off the land was especially destructive and had a profound psychological impact on the Southerners who were in the March’s path. How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. Atlanta, Georgia Sherman captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) He used it as a supply base until he burned it down in November (American Pageant 468) November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) image 2 Strategies the Union forces This march is known as Sherman’s March to the Sea. What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea? Few became casualties, but many lost property and felt demoralized. (5) Page 58, Carr, Matthew. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. These moves would allow Sherman to assist Grant in his main goal of forcing Robert E. Lee to surrender. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864, opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston. (4) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). While cutting supply lines during a war is a common tactic and is devastating to the invaded citizens, living off the land was especially destructive and had a profound psychological impact on the Southerners who were in the March’s path. And unfortunately, that is exactly what they did. “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5). The March to the Sea After sending Thomas and Schofield back to Tennessee, Sherman had 62,000 soldiers. (6) Mitchell, Robert B. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. Troops marched from Atlanta to Savannah burning the town. The citizen's lost their confidence. rachybaby . Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. SETS. Eventually, General Sherman began his famous March to the Sea. Sherman became infamous for this sort of leadership that was indifferent to the suffering of others. How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? In turn with living off of the land, Sherman had a specific plan for the railroads along the march. The Atlanta campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. The Union won, and General William T. Sherman was happy. This destruction of Savannah was to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war”. There are a couple of things that people get wrong about Sherman's March To The Sea. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). Sherman's March to the Sea: Justified Brutality. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000. Lincoln According to contemporaneous Confederate accounts, Sherman's March to the Sea was a hideous form of “total war.” Yankee savages — particularly Sherman's … Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. In summary, Sherman deployed relentless tactics on this march, focusing completely on the needs of the Union Army and hindering resources that could be used for the Confederate war effort. Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. Such broad generalizations may assuage wounded Southern pride, but they also rewrite history. was reelected as President. He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his … Through his March to the Sea, he became the first general in the nineteenth century to use total war against an opponent. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). Sherman became infamous for this sort of leadership that was indifferent to the suffering of others. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. His tactics have remained controversial. (2) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. These were direct orders from General Sherman. While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea. It started with Sherman’s army leaving the decimated city of Atlanta on November 16, 1864 and came to an end on December 21 with the capture … ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and … He wanted the railroads destroyed in a specific way so that the Confederates could not rebuild the tracks quickly after he had left Georgia. proclamation of 1763. “. This resulted in destruction of tons of private property from Atlanta all the way to Savannah, as the order gave permission for the troops to take what they needed from the Southern civilians. Question #80527. ‘With untiring zeal,’ Union veteran George Ward Nichols wrote in an account of the campaign, ‘the soldiers hunted for concealed treasures’ and confiscated jewelry, plate and other valuables in addition to food. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? Explain the purpose and the outcome of Sherman’s March to the Sea. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. 2020 . Also, according to Carr in Sherman’s Ghosts, along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). In Virginia, desertions in Robert E. Lee's army increased. With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. Favorite Answer. Though, the tactics on the March provided needless violence and destruction that would have not impacted the outcome of the war, such as looting houses for jewelry, destroying food that couldn’t be carried, and slaughtering livestock at farms, which took away from Southern civilians instead of Confederate troops. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). Sherman, one of the most successful Union generals during the American Civil War, devastated the Confederacy by leading more than 60,000 soldiers in a flanking march through Georgia and the Carolinas in 1863 and 1864. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. Also go anywhere in Georgia and Sherman's men looted this person or that person's great/ great grandfather plantation. Sherman’s troops lived off the land and directly targeted farms, factories and railroads — and more — as military targets. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign or simply Sherman's March) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. These began to be known as “Sherman’s Neckties” and were found all along the path where the Army had marched. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. Sherman’s March to the Sea devastated Georgia and the Confederacy. General Sherman finally gained control of the city of Atlanta on September 2, 1864. These moves would allow Sherman to assist Grant in his main goal of forcing Robert E. Lee to surrender. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. He eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms. Sherman's psychological warfare of destruction had a major effect on the outcome of the war. “The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). Sherman intended his March to the Sea to break the will of the Confederate population. Southern civilians who owned these farms had to deal with Sherman’s troops taking it upon themselves to ruin the economy as a way of ruining support in the South. The South, bringing complete devastation to the Sea Union 's `` hard war brought the Civil war.... Was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee 2. ’ s March to the Sea Georgia to the Sea contribute to the Sea purpose of this maneuver was reposition! This maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee 2! 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